Historically, the fungal pathogens gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) and white mold (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) have been reported to infect and impact hemp production. In Indiana, white mold, in particular, is expected to be a major disease north of highway 70, particularly when soybeans are grown in adjacent locales, or in rotation with hemp. Hemp is also prone to numerous fungal and bacterial leaf spots, viruses, and Pythium root rot and blight during establishment. Southern blight was reported on hemp in Indiana (2019), as well as rust on the leaves of hemp (2019).

Indoor producers also have to manage diseases on hemp. Powdery mildew is a common indoor disease.

Disease management is challenging with no labeled synthetic fungicides for use in hemp. There are biopesticides available for use in Indiana and can be found here.