FAQs

Why does some CBD oil contain THC?

CBD oil labeled as full spectrum typically contains trace amounts of THC, but should be below the 0.3% THC threshold. These products do not go through additional refinement to remove all the THC.

Do hemp plants sometimes produce small amounts of THC? Or do they contain no THC all the time?

Yes hemp contains small amounts of THC, by legal definition hemp contains >0.3% THC by dry weight.

How do we know our CBD oil does not contain THC?

CBD oil made from CBD isolate can be THC free, look for products that say CBD isolate, not full spectrum.

How are hemp seed oil and CBD oil processed?

Hemp seed oil is obtained by using a cold press oil machine where CBD oil is obtained through solvent or CO2 extraction.

What is the difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil?

Hemp seed oil is from the seeds of hemp plants where CBD oil is from the glandular trichomes that exist on the outside of green plant material

What are the seeds used for?

Hemp seeds are highly nutritious, and an excellent source of fiber, minerals, protein and the essential fatty acids linoleic and linolenic acid (also called omega 3 and omega 6). These fatty acids are referred to as essential fatty acids, meaning that they are necessary for human health but our bodies cannot produce them, so we need to acquire them through food.

How is hemp made into fiber?

The fiber hemp plant is known for its tall stalk. At harvest, the hemp is cut down where it lies in the field to ret, which allows the stalk to begin breaking down. Both sides of a stalk must be exposed to the elements, so it needs to be turned in the fields.  The stalk is composed of two parts, the bast and the hurd. During retting, the hurd begins to break down, softening the stalk.  A machine called a decorticator strips the bast from the hurd. The bast part of the hemp plant is woven into fiber. The hurd is often used for insulation, animal bedding and the many other uses that do not require a long fiber length.

Is the hemp we use to make rope/insulation/lotions/food items the same type that we use to produce CBD oil?

Hemp can broadly be put into the three categories listed in the previous question. When you choose the type of hemp you want to grow, you will purchase seeds or clones bred for specific purposes and will typically follow different growing practices.

How is hemp used?

Hemp is grown for fiber, seed, or for cannabinoids and essential oils.

Is hemp a pest and disease free crop?

No! Hemp is a plant, and plants get eaten by pests and infected by diseases. We are still learning which pests and diseases are economically important, but we do know that this is not a pest or disease-free crop.

Is hemp easy to grow?

No! Like any crop, hemp requires not only farm equipment to plant the number of acres necessary to be sustainable, but hemp, like any crops, requires experience in the planning, planting, cultivation, production, pest management, harvesting and storage! Those with a background in agricultural production will find growing hemp easier than those with no background in farming.

Does hemp contain THC?

Not really. Hemp is grown for the production of oil, fiber, food, and for cannabinoids and essential oils and contains almost no THC. By law, it must contain less than 0.3%. By comparison, the average level of THC of marijuana purchased in Colorado contains more than 18%--60 times more THC than industrial hemp!

How is hemp different from marijuana?

Hemp was bred from Cannabis to create tall, sturdy plants for rope and fiber, and for hearty seeds for feed and oil. Marijuana was bred from Cannabis for its production of cannabinoids (CBDS), the best known of which is THC, that causes the famous marijuana ‘high’.

Are hemp and marijuana the same?

Yes, and no. Are Chihuahuas and Great Danes the same? They are both dogs, but most people will not confuse them. Cannabis is the Latin genus name for plants that include hemp and marijuana. Just as there are tremendous differences between Chihuahuas and Great Danes, there are great differences between hemp and marijuana. These differences are due in part to the efforts of breeders emphasizing different traits that they desire in either the Cannabis plant (or the dog).

Common Terms

Autoflower

a type of cannabis that is not dependent on change in daylength to induce flowering

Bast fiber

The outer fiber surrounding the stalk, made of cellulose and hemi-cellulose

Bucking machine

a mechanical tool to remove floral material from stems

CBD

Cannabidiol is a cannabinoid produced in Cannabis sativa plants. Hemp grown specifically for CBD has been bred to have higher amounts of this chemical than hemp bred for grain or fiber production.

CBD oil

A product that comes from extracting cannabinoids from hemp using alcohol or hydrocarbon solvents, oil, or CO2 extraction.

Certified Seed

seed produced from a crop that has been inspected for trueness to variety (TTV), allowable limits on weeds, allowable set back distances from other hemp fields where polle and other stringent requirements. In the case of hemp grown for seed the setback li

Cuttings

Plant material that has been cut from a mother plant and grows its own roots

Distillate

Extracted hemp material that contains CBD and other secondary plant compounds

Dual use hemp

hemp grown for both grain and fiber

Feminized Seed

Seed that has been specially treated to have a higher percentage of females

Hemp

Cannabis sativa consisting of a THC content less than 0.3%

Hemp seed oil

The oil that comes from harvested hemp seeds that have been pressed. Cold presses can be used to process the seeds into culinary oil that can be found in salad dressings and other food products.

Hurd

Also called the shiv, the inner woody portion of the stalk, mostly made of lignin

Isolate

Extracted hemp that has gone through a further process to get pure CBD

OISC

Office of the Indiana State Chemist is the regulatory body in Indiana that distributes hemp licenses and tests for THC content in hemp

PCR Hemp

Phytocannabinoid rich hemp. A PCR hemp oil will have all the other cannabinoids included in the final product. This may also be called full-spectrum oil.

Photoperiod dependent

plants will start producing reproductive structures at a specific daylength. Vegetative growth slows.

Phytocannabinoid

A plant produced cannabinoid, at least 66 have been identified.

Retting

The decomposition and drying processing required to breakdown the connection between the bast and the hurd. Dissolving the pectineus substances that bind the stem together can be accomplished through field "dew" retting, water retting, or chemical retting.

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol, a cannabinoid produces in C. sativa plants. This cannabinoid is present in high amounts in non-hemp cannabis.

Trichome

Hair-like structures on the surface of the plant. Plants can have structural and glandular trichomes, which can serve as deterrents. Glandular trichomes on hemp produce chemical compounds,  including the acidic form of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes. There are two types of glandular trichomes found on Cannabis plants, sessile- and capitate-stalked.

Hemp FAQ

Hanfstengel” by User:Natrij – Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.